The Boxing Day tsunami in 2004 is thought of as the deadliest tsunami in historical past, killing greater than 230,000 folks in 14 nations.

It began at 7:59 a.m. native time on December 26, 2004, when a magnitude nine.1 earthquake hit the northern tip of Sumatra in Indonesia.

Scientists say the quake was once the 3rd greatest on report, lasting as much as 10 mins and inflicting the Earth to vibrate as much as a centimetre.

It additionally displaced about 30 cubic kilometers of water, triggering an enormous tsunami within the Indian Ocean.

Anatomy of a tsunami(Reuters)

Lower than 15 mins after the earthquake, waves began hitting the coasts of North Sumatra and the Nicobar Islands.

Waves of as much as 30 meters had been recorded because the tsunami swept thru Aceh, the toughest hit area in Indonesia.

About two hours after the earthquake, waves reached Sri Lanka, India and Thailand.

An hour later they reached the Maldives, and greater than seven hours after the preliminary quake, the tsunami was once observed in Mauritius and alongside the east coast of Africa.

Its results were seen as some distance away as Antarctica and North The us.

Deaths and harm led to by way of the December 26, 2004 tsunami(Reuters)

Indonesia was once the rustic toughest hit by way of the tsunami, with a minimum of 168,000 folks killed when partitions of water crashed into the island of Nias and the northernmost province of Aceh from Sumatra.

In Sri Lanka, 35,000 folks had been killed, whilst 18,000 died in India and eight,000 in Thailand.

Masses additionally died in Africa.

Hundreds of in a foreign country vacationers had been killed within the crisis, together with 26 Australians, all however two of whom died in Thailand.

Within the aftermath of the crisis, greater than $14 billion in help was once pledged by way of the world group.

High Minister John Howard has pledged $1 billion over 5 years to rebuild tsunami-hit spaces in Indonesia in “Australia’s greatest ever help contribution”.

The federal government has additionally pledged help to different affected nations, whilst private and non-private donors have poured masses of hundreds of thousands of bucks into the ones affected.

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